Chronology: Restoration/18th century theatre

1625 Charles I (House of Stuart) ascends to throne; conflicts with Parliament
1642 Civil Wars begin; Ordinance to close the playhouses
1649 Charles I beheaded; An Act for abolishing the kingly office in England; Commonwealth proclaimed
1649-1660 Interregnum
1653 Protectorate established; Oliver Cromwell named Lord Protector of England
1658 Death of Cromwell; collapse of Protectorate the following year
1660 Restoration of the Monarchy: Charles II, son of Charles I, offered crown by Parliament
Charles I offers warrants to Davenant and Killigrew; first appearance of women on the stage as professional actors
1660-1843 Monopoly on theatres in effect
1661 Duke’s company opens Lincoln’s Inn Fields playhouse, London: the first characteristic Restoration theatre
1665 Great Plague
1666 Great Fire of London
1671 Duke’s company opens Dorset Garden playhouse, London
1672 Declaration of Indulgence proffering religious freedoms
1673 Test Act excludes Catholics from office
1674 King’s company opens Drury Lane playhouse, London
1675 Première of William Wycherley’s The Country Wife at Theatre Royal, Drury Lane
1677 Première of Aphra Behn’s The Rover
1678 Evidence of Popish Plot to kill Charles II
1681 Uniting of the Duke’s Company and the King’s Company
1685 James II, brother of Charles II, crowned. Supports Catholics.
1688 Expulsion of James II. “Glorious Revolution” of William III and Mary II.
William of Orange asked by Bishop of London to come to England.
Offered crown jointly after signing a Declaration of Rights to establish a constitutional monarchy
1692 Foundation of the Society for the Reformation of Manners
1694 Mary II dies of smallpox
1695 Première of Thomas Southerne’s Oroonoko
1698 Jeremy Collier publishes A Short View of the Immorality and the Profaneness of the English Stage together with the Sense of Antiquity upon this Argument
1700 Première of William Congreve’s The Way of the World
Première of Catherine Trotter’s Love at a Loss; or, Most Votes Carry It at Drury Lane
1701 Act of Settlement ensures a Protestant succession
1702 William III dies; Anne succeeds
1714 Anne dies; George I from Hanover succeeds
1715 Jacobite rebellion
1718 Première of Susannah Centlivre’s A Bold Stroke for a Wife at Lincoln’s Inn Fields
1720 South Sea Bubble: thousands loose money
Richard Steele edits first theatre journal in England, Theatre
1721-1742 Walpole’s ministry
1727 George I dies, succeeded by George II
1728 Première of John Gay’s The Beggar’s Opera in Lincoln’s Inn Fields
1737 Licensing Act reduces number of London theatres to two and sharpens censorship
1760 George II dies, succeeded by George III
1777 Première of Richard Sheridan’s The School for Scandal at Drury Lane
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Published on January 8, 2007 at 2:22 pm  Comments (1)  

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